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Dental Extraction

Tooth removal or dental extraction is when the tooth is removed from the mouth. There are several reasons to remove teeth. Some of these include: Dental caries or decay, periodontal disease or bone loss, insufficient spacing or crowding, pre-orthodontic treatment, partial eruption with inability to keep clean, tooth fracture, bone or tooth pathology.

While many teens and some adults get their wisdom teeth removed, there are other reasons why tooth extraction may be necessary in adulthood. You may benefit from tooth extraction if:

  • A tooth is too damaged or decayed to be repaired with a filling, crown, or other types of restoration.

  • Room is needed in the mouth for orthodontic treatment or dental prosthetics.

  • A tooth is impacted (stuck beneath the gum line) and poses a danger to your oral health. This is often true of wisdom teeth.

  • Gum disease has caused serious damage to the bones that support the teeth.


Types of Tooth Extractions

Your tooth extraction will either be simple or surgical, depending on whether your tooth is visible or impacted.




Simple Extractions are done when the teeth are erupted or are visible in the mouth. These are typically the easiest teeth to remove. A local anesthetic is always used and the area is tested prior to beginning to ensure that maximum comfort. During this procedure all the patient should feel is pushing or pressure.


Surgical Extractions are done when the teeth are either broken down or in a position where they are not fully visible in the mouth. These extractions are a little more difficult. Frequently, the tooth is split into multiple pieces to facilitate its removal. The area usually requires a suture to help with healing. We routinely use sutures that dissolve in about a week, so there is no need for removal. A local anesthetic is always used and some patients may choose laughing gas or a general anesthetic.


Recovery & Heal Time

It normally takes a few days to recover after a tooth extraction. The following steps help ensure that your recovery goes smoothly.

  • Apply an ice pack to your cheek directly after the procedure to reduce swelling. Use the ice pack for 10 minutes each time.

  • After the dentist places the gauze pad over the affected area, bite down to reduce bleeding and to aid in clot formation. Leave the gauze on for three to four hours, or until the pad is soaked with blood.

  • Take any medications as prescribed, including over-the-counter painkillers.

  • Rest and relax for the first 24 hours. Do not jump immediately into your regular routine the following day.

  • Don’t use a straw for the first week.

  • Don’t smoke.

  • Don’t rinse for 24 hours after the tooth extraction, and spit only gently.

  • Use pillows to prop your head up when you lie down.

  • Brush and floss your teeth like normal, but avoid the extraction site.

  • The day after the procedure, eat soft foods, such as yogurt, pudding, and applesauce.

  • After 24 hours, add a half-teaspoon of salt to eight ounces of warm water to rinse out your mouth.

  • As you heal over the next few days, you can slowly reintroduce other foods into your diet.


If you are experiencing pain that isn’t going away after several days or signs of an infection —including fever, pain, and pus or drainage from the incision — call us as soon as possible.

Extractions with First Coast OS

The Oral maxillofacial surgeons of First Coast Oral Surgery can professionally handle any aspect of oral surgery thanks to advanced medical and dental training, and years of experience. They perform different types of oral surgery, including dental extractions. Patients can have peace of mind knowing that a highly trained practitioner handles the extraction. After a tooth extraction, dental implants are also available as the best option for replacing a missing tooth.

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Anesthesia and Sedation Options

The vast majority of patients have their wisdom removed right in our office. Improvements in surgical technique and sedative medications allow patients to have their impacted wisdom teeth removed comfortably and efficiently in a pleasant environment that is far less costly and intimidating than the hospital setting. There are several anesthetic options available to provide patients with the optimum in comfort during their surgery and minimize the postoperative side effects. You will have the opportunity to discuss these options, as well as your individual needs and concerns

with Dr. Skigen at the consultation appointment.


General Anesthesia | General Anesthesia affects the brain as well as the entire body. It is for patients who are extremely anxious or for procedures that can be uncomfortable. It is given thru an IV and combinations of medications provide the affects. With general anesthesia, you are completely unaware and wake up with the procedure being finished. Patients who choose this option are required to not eat or drink anything for eight hours prior and have a responsible adult to care for them and drive them home.


Local Anesthesia  | Without a doubt every patient’s anxiety starts with “the shot”. Of course it is better to be numb than not during the procedure, so we make every effort to alleviate any discomfort. We start with a topical anesthetic that pre-numbs the injection site. We wait adequate time for the anesthetic to work and test the area before beginning any procedure. When the lower jaw is anesthetized the patient should feel tingling or numbness in the lower lip. When the upper jaw is anesthetized, the upper lip or nose might feel numb or tingling.

Learn more about our Anesthesia and Sedation Options!

  • How Many Implants Do I Need?
    Most frequently, one implant per missing tooth is placed. Because many of the larger teeth in the back of your jaws have two or three roots, the most common approach is to replace missing back teeth with larger implants.
  • What will I use for teeth while the Implants heal?
    Many options are available, and they are tailored to your specific requirements. If you need a replacement tooth while the implants are healing, temporary removable teeth or a temporary bridge can be made. If all of your teeth are missing, we can usually modify your present complete denture or make you a new temporary denture. If you would prefer non-removable teeth during the healing phase, temporary transitional implants usually can be placed along with the permanent implants, and temporary teeth may be made and inserted the same day. Depending on your particular situation, some implants can be placed and “loaded” immediately. This means a temporary or permanent replacement tooth can be placed on, or shortly after, the day the implant is placed.
  • What are the potential problems with Implants?
    Although it is natural to be concerned about the pain that may be caused by these procedures, most patients do not experience severe or significant post-operative pain. Pain medication and antibiotics will be prescribed for you to make your recovery as easy as possible. Occasionally, some people develop post-operative infections that require additional antibiotic treatment. Even though great care is taken to place the implant precisely, occasionally adjacent teeth are injured in the placement process. In addition, there is a chance that the nerve in the lower jaw, which provides sensation to your lower lip and chin, may be affected. If you are missing quite a lot of bone, it might be difficult to place an implant without infringing on the nerve space. Although we take great care to avoid this nerve, occasionally it is irritated during the procedure, resulting in tingling, numbness or a complete lack of sensation in your lip, chin or tongue. Usually these altered sensations will resolve within time, but they can be permanent and/or painful. If you notify us of post-operative numbness as soon as possible, it will allow us to manage your care in the most appropriate way.
  • How long will Implants last?
    Implants usually last a long time. When patients are missing all of their teeth, long-term studies (more than 30 years) show an 80 to 90 percent success rate. For patients missing one or several teeth, recent studies show a success rate of greater than 95 percent, which compares favorably with other areas in the body that receive implant replacement (such as hips or knees). However, if one of your dental implants either doesn’t heal properly or loosens after a period of time, you may need to have it removed. After the site heals (or on occasion at the time of removal), another implant usually can be placed.
  • When are the replacement teeth attached to the Implant?
    The replacement teeth are usually attached to the implant when adequate healing has occurred and your jawbone is firmly fused to the implant. Depending on a variety of factors, it may be possible to begin this phase of your treatment immediately or shortly after implant placement. We will review the most appropriate treatment sequence and timing for your particular situation. The dental work required to complete your treatment is complex. Most of the work involves actually making the new teeth before they are placed. Your appointments are considered more comfortable and more pleasant than previous methods of tooth replacement. Frequently, this process can be performed without local anesthesia. Your restorative treatment begins with specialized impressions that allow us to produce a replica of your mouth and implants. We will also make “bite” records so that we see the relationship of your upper and lower jaws. With this information, we will make the abutments (support posts) that attach your replacement teeth to your implants. Various types of abutments exist. Frequently, we can use “off the shelf” abutments. Other times, custom abutments must be made of gold or a tooth-colored ceramic material. As you can imagine, these custom made abutments add to the cost and treatment time involved. Which abutment to use is a decision that often cannot be made until after healing is complete and impressions have been made.
  • How do I clean my Implants?
    As with natural teeth, it is important that you clean implant-supported restorations regularly with toothbrushes, floss and any other recommended aids. You should also visit your dentist several times each year for hygiene and maintenance. As with regular dentures and other tooth replacements, your implants and their associated components are subject to wear and tear and eventually will need repair, including clip replacement, relines, screw tightening, and other adjustments.
  • Will one Doctor do the entire Implant procedure?
    Usually, a dental surgeon places the implant(s) and performs other necessary surgical procedures – your general dentist provides the temporary and permanent replacement teeth. Both doctors are involved in planning your dental treatment. Also, depending upon a variety of factors, different dental specialists may help with your dental care.
  • How much do Implants cost?
    Before treatment begins, every effort will be made to give you an accurate estimate of all the expenses involved in placing the implants and making your replacement teeth. In many cases, there is an initial charge for the diagnostic work-up, including study models, x-rays, and the fabrication of a surgical template to ensure the best possible result. In addition you will be charged for the abutment or support post(s), plus the crown, dentures, or anything else that will be placed over the implants, including temporary restorations. Periodic maintenance such as hygiene visits, tissue conditioners, denture relines and other repairs will also incur additional charges. When different doctors are involved in your treatment, you will be charged separately for their services. We will try to assist you in estimating what your actual payments will be after we evaluate your insurance coverage or other third party payments. Also, you should consider your personal financial investment in each treatment option as some insurance companies provide limited or no coverage. Each patient is unique, and it is not possible for us to discuss every option and every contingency for treatment outcome. This booklet is intended to help you understand the general treatment options available to you. If your specific treatment options are not clear, please contact us. We will be happy to answer any questions you have about your dental care.
  • Why select Dental Implants over more traditional types of restorations?
    There are several reasons: A dental bridge can sacrifice the structure of surrounding good teeth to bridge the space of the missing tooth/teeth. In addition, removing a denture or a “partial” at night may be inconvenient, not to mention dentures that slip can be uncomfortable and rather embarrassing.

Do you still have questions? Schedule an Appointment Today!

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